This therapy involves daily administration of synthetic forms of estrogen and progesterone. Both of these hormones levels are decreased in women’s body during menopause. HRT successfully threats the menopausal symptoms, but there are side effects as well. There are debates regarding benefit-risk ratio that are trying to figure out whether HRT is good or bad. After a woman reaches her 40s, she enters menopause. In this time of her life, she stops having periods. This results in decreased levels of estrogen and progesterone.
Hoes does HRT help?
Hormone replacement therapy, as the name suggests, replaces these hormones and brings back woman’s body in balance. At least as much that is possible in menopause. By increasing the levels of estrogen in the female body, HRT successfully treats all related symptoms. It doesn’t actually gets rid of them but rather soothes the pain and makes it bearable. In other words, it makes the hot flashes, sweating, swelling, vaginal dryness and other menopausal symptoms a bit less unbearable. Mood changes and depression is also a common thing for women in menopause so taking the HRT is the right choice.
The bad side of it.
By increasing the levels of estrogen during menopause, the risk of breast cancer is increased as well. High levels of estrogen are reported in female bodies that have either a breast cancer or uterus cancer. So to avoid increasing this risk doctors recommend taking progestin as well in combination with estrogen. The daily dose is one pill. You should also be weary of taking not more than one pill per day no matter how unbearable the pain is. It is also recommended to take the pills at the same time each day. This way you will allow your body to become used to the medication. Rapidly increasing estrogen levels creates a shock for the body. So there may be side effects that can come with it.
Who should take it?
Women that are more than 45 years old should not immediately consider undergoing an HRT. Only if the problems consist, five or six years after should you take HRT into consideration. The best time for HRT is around the 50s and 60s. Also, women that are older than years old shouldn’t take estrogen or progestin pills. Once they go over sixty, the risk for cancer is increased. So taking estrogen that increases the risk, isn’t a wise choice. If you want to look at other methods for treating menopausal symptoms, you should contact you, doctor.
To this day there was not found a more effective therapy than hormone replacement therapy. There are placebo therapies that come with skin rash soothing gels but nothing that affects the hormone levels. Scientists will continue to improve and work on HRT as women in menopause should have something to hope for in the future. Soon we can expect to have one pill for each health problem, so that getting the prescription will be the only problem that we will have.